2786027-one-dollar-bill-back-detail

The free citizens of the 13 English colonies called themselves Americans and adopted not only the nickname of a continent, but the Spanish legacy that came from Rome, the Spanish peso or piece of eight, was the most important currency of the Spanish Empire and of the world at the time, because it could be found in practically every port in the world, from Veracruz to Canton.

The peso was a reference to value trade and circulated freely in China. The Spanish peso was minted in the Mexican Mint; its weight was consistent with 27 grams of silver, coming from the deposits of Zacatecas or Guanajuato, and from the mines of Potosí, in Bolivia.

The first time I saw a Roman coin was in Somerset, England and as a coin collector, I was truly impressed by the resemblance to current currencies, it is evident that this axiom of History repeats itself, since the Romans, imperial successors of the Greeks, romanized their gods and emperors, idealizing the value of their coins.

The Thaler, was a coin created as a substitute for the Golden Florin, had its origins in  the Tyrol, that is a region of the Alps, between Austria and Italy and its use was so popular during the 16th century, because they were made of pure silver and were minted in others Countries as similar pieces.

Due to the difficulty of the navigations, few pounds sterling arrived in the colonies, and it was much easier to stock up on the nearby and accredited royals pieces of eight minted in Mexico, so that in the 13 colonies the Spanish currency made of Mexican silver circulated commonly, and it was known first as «Spanish thaler», then going to «Spanish daller», and later to «Spanish dollar».

With the Independence of the 13 Colonies, the Spanish peso was the currency of the Americas and its influence was such that the new country equated it with the value of its currency due to the Mint Act or the Coinage Act of 1792.

The creation of the US dollar put an end to the monetary chaos of the young republic after the resounding failure of the «continental», the parity with the Spanish dollar was a guarantee before the world of control and credibility, for this they will use not only the equivalence in Silver, but also a mantle of mysticism.

In the dollar sign ($), the S is the abbreviation of the peso and the two bars come from the two columns of Hercules of the Spanish shield, in fact, when the first coins minted by the United States arose, it was called the “pillar-dollar ”or dollar of the pillars.

In 1782 a freemasonry meeting was held by the founding fathers (Franklin, Jefferson and Adams) and it was decided that the symbol of an eye on a truncated pyramid with 13 steps, was part of the Great Seal of the United States; This image was accompanied by the Latin rubric «Annuit Coeptis«, which translates as «Approve our mission«, and below says Novus Ordo seclorum, a phrase adapted from the Roman poet Virgil, and which literally means «The new order of centuries«.

The Eye of Providence within a triangle, is a symbol used by Christianity throughout history and is related to the Eye of Horus, the Egyptian god, assimilated by the Romans as a solar symbol of protection, it is also considered Mystic within Masonry, like the third eye that sees beyond.

In the other part of the seal an eagle appears with an olive branch and 13 arrows, repeating the 13 steps of the pyramid, this is because secret societies have used numerology since time immemorial.

The Roman numerals MDCCLXXVI (1776), is the date of independence of the United States from Great Britain and the use of the phrase «In God We Trust» engraved at the base of the pyramid, represents the trust americans have in God’s help .

The new coins thus emulated the value of the piece of eight from the Spanish Empire, romanizing the Americans, founders of the new nation, who laureated themselves as Greek gods and sealed the destiny of the US with the mysticism of Freemasonry, numerology and Christianity.

The value that the Americans gave to their Dollar, since the foundation of their country allowed them to venture into unprecedented purchases, being this very unusual in the history of the world’s economy. The US expansionism for land purchases was not made with cash payments, but in long-term loans.

Listed below are the credit purchases made by the American government since the issuance of the Coinage Act in 1792:

1803: 15 million dollars to the Napoleon Empire for Louisiana
1848: 15 million dollars to Mexico as compensation for the War
1854: 10 million dollars to Mexico for La Mesilla
1867: 7.2 million dollars to Russia for Alaska
1898: 20 million dollars to Spain as compensation for the War
1917: 25 million dollars to Denmark for the Virgin Islands

At the end of World War II, a currency was needed to replace the diminished Pound Sterling, for this the monetary conference of the members of the nascent UN was held in Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, at the Mount Washington Hotel, where it was agreed the new world economic order.

The IMF was born in this way, who will guarantee the exchange rate of the dollar equated with the value of gold and the World Bank, which would give credits to countries exclusively in dollars, the first loan was made to France.

One of the agreements was that the dollar value was backed by its gold value, however, this ended in 1971 when Richard Nixon announced the suspension of the convertibility pattern, due to the reluctance of France, which owed its reconstruction to the World Bank and wanted to get rid of of its Dollar reserves to get the promised gold.

The only guarantee that the Dollar has before the deranged issuance of the Federal Reserve, (which is a private bank outside the US government and to whom it owes money), is that oil transactions are made in dollars, this derived from the pacts of 1940 where Saudi Arabia will obtain military protection in exchange for oil.

The new world order was established with the free flotation of the dollar since the seventies, during the 20th century a pendular balance of forces between new economic agents, such as the Euro and the revival of the British Pound and the Yuan, put the world economy in check , which can collapse at any time with the fall of a currency, backed by credit, mysticism and the hope of obtaining revenues for those who own it.