The great obstacle of Mexico and that faced the government of Porfirio Díaz (1876-1911), was the modernization of the great mass of rural population, immovable and immersed in ignorance, tradition and superstition.
The guidelines of Social Darwinism, which was the racial theory that considered europeans more intelligent and evolved, were applied in the 19th century in the United States encouraging the migration of these individuals.
Mexico sought without much success the repopulation of the northern territories with europeans to make them productive, however during the Porfiriato the Mexican nationalism was rethought by banishing the colonial past, legitimizing the pre-Hispanic past, largely fictional, especially that of the aztecs, to create a national identity.
Mexican modernization focused on profit, science and progress through foreign investments and the positivism philosophy of Augusto Comte. The cabinet was formed by a group called «The Scientists» who dedicated all their energies to these goals.
Porfirio Díaz was a nationalist and was always very cautious in his relationship with the United States, he was a very young witness of the unjust war in which half of the territory was lost and he was suspicious of the progress he sought to imitate, keeping distance and praising in public, but in private he distrusted them, which led him to associate with their historical enemy.
The economic development of Mexico during the government of Porfirio Diaz, who was the undisputed chief and political dominator of the country since 1870, cannot be denied, however the material prosperity and contradictions of the regime faced two dominant economic groups: the Americans and the English.
The United States did not welcome the progress and economic independence of the American capitals of Mexico in favor of the English, they no longer saw it as an «American dependency,» and a military intervention was conceived, but the country was too large to be invaded.
Standard Oil was interested in the rich deposits of Veracruz discovered by Pearson & Co. and irritated seek to contribute to the fall of Diaz at all costs, so they planed from its headquarters in New York the overthrow and Mexican insurrection with oil financing and support of the firearms industry, which was also greatly favored, especially the Colt Manufacturing Company.
The Pax Porfiriana allowed the army to atrophy, Díaz who had been a coup d’etat, always feared that a coup d’etat was more dangerous than a popular insurrection and his army, weakened under this purpose and given the advanced age of the once glorious military, He was unable to quell the armed uprising of 1910.
The reasons for addressing this problem were precisely part of the cause of the economic success of the regime, which supported at all costs the status quo in favor of landowners and landowners, because the overall development was due in large part to the increase in the iron and production centers were necessary to pay for the investment, as well as to finance the distribution and transportation of the consumer goods that the country needed.
The free villages of the center and the south that had maintained their identity during the Spanish domain, were affected with the loss of their lands for a decade, the disagreements of the town found voice in Emiliano Zapata.
The second rebel zone was in the north of the country, with the defeat of the Apaches in 1885 and the war without quarter to the Yaquis; there was a symbiosis with the southern states of the United States and many indigenous people were resentful, equally for the loss of their lands, finding a leader in Francisco Villa.
The United States sought without finding among the rival generals and politicians someone who was sufficiently manipulable and corrupt and in turn was able to maintain a stable regime; that was the original plan of imperialism, finding in Francisco Madero, one of the landowners and richest men in Mexico, his candidate for a puppet.
The social upheaval that Mexico lived until the 1930s, the Mexican revolution arose directly from the contradictions existing within the imperialist world and was the first of the great revolutions in the colonial and dependent world and in which the mass of The workers played a leading role.
The ideals of the Mexicans took shape at the end of it, the American Empire was able to subjugate the subsequent governments with the creation and absolute support of a single state party that faithfully copied Porfirist nationalism, which was called revolutionary and reinvented a convulsive country, a country that since Diaz has not found peace to this day.